XML.com: Controlling Whitespace, Part 1

« XML considers four characters to be whitespace: the carriage return, the linefeed, the tab, and the spacebar space. Microsoft operating systems put both a carriage return and a linefeed at the end of each line of a text file, and people usually refer to the combination as the « carriage return ». XSLT stylesheet developers often get frustrated over the whitespace that shows up in their result documents — sometimes there’s more than they wanted, sometimes there’s less, and sometimes it’s in the wrong place. Over the next few columns, we’ll discuss how XML and XSLT treat whitespace to gain a better understanding of what can happen, and we’ll look at some techniques for controlling how an XSLT processor adds whitespace to the result document. »

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Diffuser les données de la recherche en sciences humaines et sociales. Questions de droits et d’éthique 2

« Produire, utiliser, éditer des sources numériques fait aujourd’hui partie du travail quotidien du chercheur. Ce format numérique, comme le développement du web, a facilité grandement la diffusion des ressources documentaires iconographiques, sonores et/ou audiovisuelles dans le monde de la recherche et, au-delà, auprès de citoyens de plus en plus curieux et intéressés par les documents produits par les scientifiques. L’essor du libre-accès qui se développe aujourd’hui incite par ailleurs à ce que des données réputées « publiques » soient réellement rendues publiques. Les institutions doivent savoir répondre aux questions de respect des droits des auteurs et des personnes interrogées ou représentées que posent leurs projets de mise à disposition de ressources en libre accès tandis que les chercheurs, qui publient désormais régulièrement en ligne, se trouvent confrontés à des séries de questions juridiques et éthiques auxquelles ils ne savent pas toujours répondre. »

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PEW Research suggests surge in e-Reader purchases

A new research report from PEW suggests that e-Reader growth has surged since late last year (PEW):

The share of adults in the United States who own an e-book reader doubled to 12% in May, 2011 from 6% in November 2010. E-readers, such as a Kindle or Nook, are portable devices designed to allow readers to download and read books and periodicals. This is the first time since the Pew Internet Project began measuring e-reader use in April 2009 that ownership of this device has reached double digits among U.S. adults.

Tablet computers—portable devices similar to e-readers but designed for more interactive web functions—havehttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif not seen the same level of growth in recent months. In May 2011, 8% of adults report owning a tablet computer such as an iPad, Samsung Galaxy or Motorola Xoom. This is roughly the same percentage of adults who reported owning this kind of device in January 2011 (7%), and represents just a 3 percentage-point increase in ownership since November 2010. Prior to that, tablet ownership had been climbing relatively quickly.

Growth over time

Download the full report.

An Uber-comparison of RDFa, Microdata and Microformats | The Beautiful, Tormented Machine

« There has been a recent discussion at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) about the state of RDFa, Microdata and Microformats. The Technical Architecture Group (TAG) is concerned about the W3C publishing two specifications that achieve effectively the same thing in incompatible ways. They are suggesting that both RDFa 1.1 and Microdata, in their current state, should not proceed as official specifications until they become more compatible with one another. The W3C intends to launch a quick examination of the situation to determine whether or not there is room for convergence of these technologies. »

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