Does the library have a role to play in the Digital Humanities? : Digital Infrastructure Team

« Humanities and the social sciences have traditionally been disciplines aligned closely with the institutional library and its resources and services. Increasingly, in my conversations with librarians, there is a concern that while the library as a space remains popular, this masks a growing distance between the services the library provides and the needs and expectations of researchers (to say nothing of undergrads). »

Tags:

Réseaux de co-citations et Open Access : pour un renouveau des méthodes d’évaluation

Depuis quelques années, la méthodologie en matière d’évaluation des publications scientifiques fait l’objet d’une réflexion accrue, tant de la part des chercheurs que des professionnels de la documentation appelés à l’appliquer. Le modèle classique, en usage dans la majorité des instances administratives, émanant de l’Institute for Scientific Information de Philadelphie (ISI) révèle un certain nombre de limites notamment dues à l’absence de nuances et à des modes de calcul bruts qui semblent privilégier l’aspect comptable et quantitatif au détriment de la qualité. Les modèles alternatifs proposent l’application fine et nuancée de la méthode mathématique de la  » marche aléatoire  » (random walk) avec l’exécution itérative de l’algorithme de Lawrence Page (utilisé par Google pour le tri et l’affichage des pages Web) algorithme pondéré connu sous l’appellation Weighted PageRank. Associée à la détection des co-citations, cette méthode permet de visualiser des collèges invisibles, des affinités entre titres de périodiques et surtout la traçabilité des citations. Celle-ci est déterminante dans la définition qualitative de l’évaluation qui semble minorée dans le modèle classique.

Tags:

Values and Scholarship

We are the provosts of 11 large research universities that engage in over $5.6 billion of funded research each year. That research is directed at serving the public good through medical advances, improved defense systems, enhanced agricultural and industrial productivity, technological innovation, and reasoned social policy. In the aggregate, the outcomes of this research fuel America’s global leadership, improve the quality of life in our communities, and enrich the educational experience of our students.

Tags:

Usages des liseuses : finalement, on utilise peu toutes leurs fonctionnalités « La Feuille

En octobre, je vous avais proposé un petit sondage (disponible également sur eBouquin) dédié aux utilisateurs de liseuses. Pris par d’autres choses, j’avais oublié de vous faire part des résultats (et surtout de prendre le temps d’essayer de les mettre en perspective). Voici donc une rapide analyse des 518 réponses collectées.

Tags:

Access to knowledge movement

The goals of Access to Knowledge are embodied in a draft treaty, emerging from a call from Brazil and Argentina for a development agenda for the World Intellectual Property Organization.[1] The treaty is intended to ease the transfer of knowledge to developing nations, and to secure the viability of open innovation systems all over the world.[2]

Tags:

Amazon améliore son format (propriétaire) pour les ebooks : Kindle Format 8

We’re pleased to announce that Kindle Publisher Tools – KindleGen and Kindle Previewer with Kindle Format 8 (KF8) support are now available for download. Kindle Format 8 is Amazon’s next generation file format offering a wide range of new features and enhancements – including HTML5 and CSS3 support that publishers can use to create all types of books. KF8 adds over 150 new formatting capabilities, including drop caps, numbered lists, fixed layouts, nested tables, callouts, sidebars and Scalable Vector Graphics – opening up more opportunities to create Kindle books that readers will love. Kindle Fire is the first Kindle device to support KF8 – in the coming months KF8 will be rolled out to our latest generation Kindle e-ink devices as well as our free Kindle reading apps.

Tags:

Happy 2012 Open Access Movement! December 31, 2011 Dramatic Growth of Open Access.

There are over 7,000 peer-reviewed fully open access journals as listed in the DOAJ, still growing by 4 titles per day and over 6,000 of these are in English, as listed by Open J-Gate. Electronic Journals Library keeps track of more than 32,000 free journals. There are over 2,000 repositories, linking to more than 30 million items, growing at the rate of 21 thousand items per day, which can be searched through the snazzy new Bielefeld Academic Search Engine search options. PLoS ONE, having become the world’s largest journal last year, outdid themselves by doubling the number of articles published this year.  PubMedCentral, arXiv, RePEC, and E-LIS growth was in the 10-15% range for the year. This issue of Dramatic Growth adds a new feature, a first attempt at comparing compliance rates with a few medical funders’ open access policies – so far, Wellcome Trust is looking good!

Tags:

The Codex is Dead; Long Live the Codex

ACR­Log had a post last week about human­ists want­ing print books rather than ebooks. Here’s a key passage:

Ebooks seem like sweet low-hanging fruit – they have enhanced search­a­bil­ity, acces­si­bil­ity at any time or place, and reduced stor­age and preser­va­tion costs. What’s not to love? Ebooks seem to make our stu­dents very happy. Often they don’t want to read a book cover to cover (although their pro­fes­sors might wish they would), and search­ing for rel­e­vant pas­sages seems to sat­isfy their needs for many assign­ments. And jour­nal lit­er­a­ture seems exempt from the pref­er­ence for print – I haven’t heard many com­plaints about deac­ces­sion­ing back runs of print jour­nals rep­re­sented in JSTOR’s col­lec­tions, for instance.

Tags: