Guidelines for Encoding Bibliographic Citation Information in Dublin Core Metadata

This document provides guidelines for capturing bibliographic citation information within a Dublin Core description. It focuses primarily on:
* bibliographic citations for journal articles, this being the most common genre for which such description is required, but guidelines for other genre are also given
* bibliographic citations for a resource within its own metadata, but some guidelines for capturing references to other resources are also indicated
* qualified Dublin Core descriptions, though some suggestions for capturing this information in simple Dublin Core are also given

In addition to a need to describe bibliographic citation information for discovery and for reading by humans after retrieval of a record, some applications have a requirement to encode this information in a format suitable for machine reading. These guidelines suggest the use of descriptions taken from the OpenURL Framework standard (Z39.88-2004) [1], rather than inventing an alternative DCMI syn