App design versus web design: what designers can teach each other


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wdd9 App design versus web design: what designers can teach each other
We often look at application design and website design as two different, if related, fields.
The lines blur a bit with web apps (which are technically both apps and websites), but we still tend to try to compartmentalize them. Even designers who work on both kinds of designs often view them as separate things.
But there are a lot of lessons that app designers and web designers can teach each other.

Each type of design has emerged to have its own strengths and weaknesses, often complementary to the strengths and weaknesses of the other field.
Read more for six lessons that app and web designers can teach each other.


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“Open Access Institutional Archives: A Quantitative Study (2006-2010)”

Bhaskar Mukherjee and Mohammad Nazim have published "Open Access Institutional Archives: A Quantitative Study (2006-2010)" in the DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology.

Here's an excerpt:

Open access publishing is growing in importance, and, in parallel, the role of institutional archives has come to the forefront of discussion within the library community. The present study is an attempt to analyse the present trend of institutional archives worldwide. The factual data of each individual repository was collected from various Directories of Institutional Repositories by using survey method. Data was analysed in terms of quantity of institutional archives increased during last six years, countrywise contents of institutional archives, types of materials archived, subject coverage, software used, language of interface of institutional archives, host domains, and policy of institutional archives. The results of the study suggest healthy growth in terms of quantity of institutional archives' increase worldwide, however, the development is more prevalent in developed countries than developing countries. The subject analysis of the institutional archives indicates that the contributors in the field of health and medicine are more interested to submit their materials in repositories. Currently the institutional archives mostly house traditional (print-oriented) scholarly publications and grey literature, using DSpace software and most of these materials were of English language. However, the policy of content inclusion, submission and preservation is yet to be well defined in institutional archives.

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Android (Finally) Taking Steps Towards WebKit And Chromium (MG Siegler/TechCrunch)

MG Siegler / TechCrunch:
Android (Finally) Taking Steps Towards WebKit And Chromium  —  Why isn't Chrome a part of Android?  It's a question as old as time itself.  Or at least a few years old.  But given that the same company, Google, makes both products, it never made much sense.  Now they're finally taking steps to resolve this.

Projet Europeana libraries : des millions de contenus numériques pour la recherche

Europeana et plusieurs bibliothèques européennes lancent un projet ayant pour objectif de mutualiser et partager des millions de contenus numériques, ouvrant la voie à un nouveau réseau dédié aux chercheurs.

Dans un communiqué de presse à l'occasion de la conférence annuelle LIBER en juin dernier, Europeana Libraries annonce la mise en ligne, en deux ans, de « 5 millions de livres numérisés, rapports scientifiques, images et autres contenus numériques, incluant 1 200 films et clips vidéo, 850 000 images, et 4,3 millions de textes (livres, journaux, articles et thèses) ». La fondation Europeana est une initiative commune des membres de la Commission européenne et se présente sous la forme d’un portail public donnant accès à des collections de contenus numériques provenant de plus de 1 500 institutions culturelles européennes (bibliothèques, musées, galeries et archives). Son objectif est de devenir le point de référence pour l’ensemble de l’héritage culturel européen accessible en ligne. Le projet permettra de compléter les collections patrimoniales européennes avec des millions d’objets numériques incluant des trésors tels que des photographies de la guerre civile d’Espagne et des manuscrits serbes médiévaux, et issus d’un consortium de 19 bibliothèques universitaires et de recherche européennes.

Le projet Europeana Libraries, qui débutera officiellement en janvier 2012, est financé principalement par la Commission européenne et représente un coût total de plus de 4 millions d’euros. La Bibliothèque européenne, à l’origine de cette initiative, en assurera la coordination au cours des 2 premières années. Le projet s’appuie sur 4 associations principales : la Conference of European National Librarians (CENL), le Consortium of European Research Libraries (CERL), la Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche (LIBER) et la Europeana Foundation.

Lire la suite : Europeana Libraries : une collaboration à visée universitaire, Samuel MILLER, Inaglobal, 08 août 2011

 

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[Google Analytics] Une nouvelle définition des sessions

A partir d’aujourd’hui, nous modifions légèrement le calcul des sessions dans Google Analytics. Nous pensons que cette mise à jour mènera à une meilleure compréhension des interactions au sein des sites Web. Nous allons dans cet article expliquer en quoi ces changements impacteront vos rapports.

Quels sont les changements ?

Actuellement, Google Analytics met fin à une session lorsque :

  • Plus de 30 minutes se sont écoulées entre deux pages vues pour un même visiteur
  • La journée touche à sa fin
  • Le visiteur ferme son navigateur.

Si l’un de ces évènements se produit, alors la prochaine action du visiteur instanciera une nouvelle session. Dans le nouveau modèle, Google Analytics terminera une session lorsque :

  • Plus de 30 minutes se sont écoulées entre deux pages vues pour un même visiteur
  • La journée touche à sa fin
  • La source de trafic du visiteur change. Les informations sur la source de trafic sont données par les paramètres suivants :  utm_source,utm_mediumutm_termutm_contentutm_idutm_campaign, et gclid.

En quoi cela affectera-t-il mes données Google Analytics ?

Ces modifications n’affecteront que les visites à partir d’aujourd’hui, et les données antérieures ne changeront pas. Nous rapprochons ainsi la définition de session de celle d’une visite. Si le visiteur quitte votre site et y retourne peu après depuis une source différence, chaque visite sera mesurée au sein de sa propre session.

Puisque Google Analytics instancie une nouvelle session pour chaque information de campagne, les sources de trafic seront beaucoup plus précises. ceci s’avérera d’autant plus utile si vous utilisez les tunnels multi-canaux. De plus, en poursuivant une session uniquement si l’utilisateur ferme son navigateur pour une très courte période, les sessions seront plus fidèle au parcours des visiteurs. Globalement, cette modification pourrait avoir pour effet de gonfler un petit peu le nombre de visites. Mais selon nos études, la majorité des utilisateurs ne constatera qu’un changement de 1%.

Nous croyons beaucoup en cette mise à jour, et sommes impatients de vous fournir de meilleures informations sur l’activité de votre site. Pour toute question, utilisez les commentaires sous cet article.

Posté dans sa version originale en anglais par Trevor Claiborne, équipe Google Analytics


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10 WordPress plugins to enhance your blog’s typography


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wdd6 10 WordPress plugins to enhance your blog’s typography
Have you ever visited a blog and noticed immediately how the typography added sophistication and really made the content stand out? Perhaps it was an elegant typeface that fit the theme of the blog, or white space that was used proficiently throughout the layout. Whatever it was, it caught your eye, and you probably wondered how they did it.
These kinds of readability enhancements are done either via manual CSS styling or with plug-ins. If you’re not familiar with CSS coding, then plug-ins are definitely the way to go, and this article highlights the top 10 typography-related WordPress plug-ins for enhancing the readability of your blog.

Plug-ins like these are important because they help you better handle hyphens, spacing, character formatting, text enhancements, quotes and much more. By using just a plug-in or two, you can breath life into an otherwise dull layout and keep readers longer.
Read more.


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Searching in ebooks: A unique use case that requires a unique approach

This is part of an ongoing series related to Peter Meyers’ project “Breaking the Page, Saving the Reader: A Buyer & Builder's Guide to Digital Books.” We’ll be featuring additional material in the weeks ahead. (Note: This post originally appeared on A New Kind of Book. It’s republished with permission.)


Not all ebook search monocles are equal. Options range from non-existent (Hey, Kobo! If there’s room in the programming budget for virtual reading awards like the Inverted Comma and the BookLover, then it’s time to spring for a search tool, too!), to roughly implemented (Nook), and from nicely polished (Kindle, iBooks) to fully instrumented (Inkling).

To help make sense of what works versus what doesn’t, consider first why readers search. If the title at hand is a reference or how-to book it's often to look up a specific ingredient or procedure. But those kinds of books aren't actually selling that well in eBookLand; publishers are turning those titles into apps. Instead, ebook fans are gobbling up narrative — fiction and non-fiction alike. Those titles all top the charts and so it's worth refining that earlier question: For narrative-style ebooks, why do readers search?

Often it’s for a quick lookup: a character we’re having trouble remembering, a plot twist we want a refresher on, a memorable quote. In each of these cases the searcher’s goal is quite different than what takes place during, for example, a traditional web search. There, you want to leave Google or Bing or wherever. In a book, by contrast, you just want a quick answer … and then an equally quick return to where you left off.

So with that in mind, let’s start off with what I would argue is a not particularly good search implementation. Here’s what a reader sees when searching on the Nook iPad app:

How’s a reader supposed to decide which of these results is the one she wants? Think about how cumbersome it is to tap each item, get whisked off to its location, and then have to navigate back to the starting spot. What a pain. In a print book, at least you’ve got fingers, bookmarks, or a coaster to hold your spot as you leaf around (reviewing index entries, for example). But in an ereader device, the disruption readers suffer after following a link is significant.

Especially for folks in search of a memory jiggle, the most important thing a search tool can do, then, is help quickly decide which result contains the answer they’re looking for. So this means designing a search tool that:

  1. Returns accurate results (duh)
  2. Presents these results with plenty of surrounding context
  3. Highlights the term clearly on the destination page
  4. Makes it easy to quickly return to the original reading position

If 1) and 2) are done well, there are plenty of cases where the reader never has to deal with 3) and 4). So a big part of making a search tool helpful happens in the results list itself. Make it big enough and you bring joy to the reader: they get the memory nudge they need and can get back to the passage where they stopped reading. Some of this stuff is fairly straightforward and can already be found in a few of the more polished e-reading systems.

Consider, for example, the iBooks app on the iPad.

You get a generous sampling of text surrounding the found term (which is itself clearly visible in boldface) making it easy to skim the list and find the result you’re looking for. You also get a tally of the number of times the term was found. For students and other researchers this can be a big help, as they often want a search tool to function like a print book’s index: to help perform a comprehensive review of a particular person or concept. And once the reader taps a result, the page he arrives at displays the term highlighted in yellow. Nice.

But there’s more, still, that can be done. More that a morphable digital screen can do … all in the service of trying to maintain a reader’s flow and minimize the page flipping required on devices that have proven themselves to be pretty poor page flippers.

Here, for example, is one possible solution I’ve sketched out, modeled on the “page preview” feature popularized by Bing, and now used by Google and plenty of other web search sites. (In case you haven’t seen it, it’s where you hover your mouse over any item on a typical search results page and up pops a small window showing the web page you’d see if you follow the search result link; it’s a great timesaver when you’re reviewing a list of results since it lets you do a quick visual skim before clicking any link.)

Proposed design for improved ebook search results
Click to enlarge

Rather than sending the reader to the search result, the idea here is to fetch the result for them. The results list appears just as it ordinarily does in, say, the Kindle app. But there’s that tiny “Show More” option; when tapped, it unfurls the result, increasing the viewable preview. In many cases that’s all a reader needs. For those who need more, the search term remains active and can be tapped to see the target page in full. By giving readers a quick way to review, temporarily, extra content like this, digital books can help preserve the immersive state that a great book induces.

Another way to improve the search results list: sortable search results. Here again progress made in the world of web search can improve how things work within a book. By letting the reader sort the results list in different ways a seemingly overwhelming heap can be reduced to something more manageable. iPad textbook publisher Inkling provides some handy design work in this area.

The tabs at top let the reader sort according to relevance (a software-driven guess at what's most important), content order (where the result occurs, ordered from start of book to finish), and type (audio, video, text, and so on). At the bottom of the search pane two other tabs let the reader switch between chapters they own and the entire book (Inkling sells chapters individually). This last twist is clever — half reader service and half marketing. Because the tool lists a meaningful snippet of the found term, someone searching for, say, bassoon, might see that there’s a video demo of that instrument in a chapter they haven’t yet purchased. Good stuff.

My main takeaway: by all means, let readers search. But give ’em tools that let them get back to what they’re reading as quickly as possible.

TOC Frankfurt 2011 — Being held on Tuesday, Oct. 11, 2011, TOC Frankfurt will feature a full day of cutting-edge keynotes and panel discussions by key figures in the worlds of publishing and technology.

Save 100€ off the regular admission price with code TOC2011OR

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Google teste bien un système de scroll infini

Si on en croit les tests que Google fait actuellement, le moteur de recherche pourrait bien opter pour un système de scroll infini de résultats dans ses SERP d'ici peu…
Nous en parlions dernièrement, Google semblait tester en juillet dernier un système de scroll infini de ses pages de résultats : lorsqu'on s'approche de la 10ème position en scrollant, 10 nouveaux résultats (positions 11 à 20)

BookCamp Paris, 4e édition le 24 septembre 2011

Samedi 24 septembre 2011 de 10h à 19h

Le Labo du Livre, 2, rue Saint-Médard, 75005 Paris. Métro Place Monge.

Le BookCamp est une journée d’ateliers participatifs autour des problématiques du livre, de la lecture et de l’édition à l’heure du numérique, qui rassemble les acteurs de ce monde dans sa plus grande diversité : éditeurs, auteurs, lecteurs, libraires, bibliothécaires et développeurs. La journée est organisée autour d’une vingtaine d’ateliers et de temps de rencontres, avec un seul mot d’ordre « tous participants ». Le BookCamp n’est pas un lieu de conférence, mais d’échanges où le principe est de discuter autour de problématiques communes.

Plus d’informations sur http://barcamp.org/w/page/40854165/BookCampParis4