Open Access India: Movement for Making Public Funded Research Open

“The ‘Open Access‘ movement which is built on the principle that the publicly funded research should be freely accessible online is gaining momentum around the world. In India, according to the Registry of Open Access Repositories and Directory of Open Access Repositories nearly 80 repositories have been registered since 2004 and three of them are listed in the top 200 of world repositories ranking. However, this momentum is slow in the field of agricultural sciences when compared with other sciences in India. Only few institutional repositories viz., Eprints@IARI, Eprints@CMFRI, E-Repository@IIHR, DSpice@IISR along with a thematic repository ‘OpenAGRI‘ have been established till date. Following the calls from Budapest Open Access Initiative and Berlin Declaration, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy took lead in Open Access activities in India. During the 93rd Indian Science Congress held in Hyderabad, a ‘Optimal National Open Access Policy for India‘ was proposed and the National Knowledge Commission of India had recommended an Open Access mandate for publicly funded research. As per the University Grants Commission‘s regulations (2009), a digital repository of Indian Electronic Theses and Dissertation ‘Shodhganga‘ was set up and made accessible to all.”

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Harvard rejoint les universitaires pour un boycott des éditeurs

Plus de 10 000 universitaires du monde entier ont déjà signé la pétition, “Le coût du savoir”. Elle appelle au boycott de Elsevier, le géant hollandais de l’édition qui publie 2 000 revues scientifiques différentes par an. En cause : le prix des abonnements à ces revues que payent les bibliothèques des universités. Elles dépenseraient souvent plus de la moitié de leur budget dans ces achats à trois grands éditeurs commerciaux : Elsevier, Springer et Wiley.

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Harvard University says it can’t afford journal publishers’ prices

“Exasperated by rising subscription costs charged by academic publishers, Harvard University has encouraged its faculty members to make their research freely available through open access journals and to resign from publications that keep articles behind paywalls.”

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Rapport UNESCO pour l’OA : Policy guidelines for the development and promotion of open access

“UNESCO issued this publication to demystify the concept of Open Access (OA) and to provide concrete steps on putting relevant policies in place. Building capacities in Member States for Open Access is a necessary but not sufficient condition for promotion of the concept. Creating an enabling policy environment for OA is therefore a priority.

This publication will serve the needs of OA policy development at the government, institutional and funding agency level. The overall objective of the Policy Guidelines is to promote Open Access in Member States by facilitating understanding of all relevant issues related to Open Access.

The guidelines are not prescriptive in nature, but are suggestive to facilitate knowledge-based decision-making to adopt OA policies and strengthen national research systems.

Written by Dr. Alma Swan, an eminent expert in the field of Open Access, the draft went through an open consultation and peer review at the Open Access Community in the WSIS Knowledge Communities.

The Policy Guidelines can be used by individuals as a basic text on Open Access and related policies. The publication will be useful to both the beginners as well as experienced in the world of Open Access, and will assist the decision-makers, administrators and research managers to focus on OA policy development.”

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Happy 2012 Open Access Movement! December 31, 2011 Dramatic Growth of Open Access.

There are over 7,000 peer-reviewed fully open access journals as listed in the DOAJ, still growing by 4 titles per day and over 6,000 of these are in English, as listed by Open J-Gate. Electronic Journals Library keeps track of more than 32,000 free journals. There are over 2,000 repositories, linking to more than 30 million items, growing at the rate of 21 thousand items per day, which can be searched through the snazzy new Bielefeld Academic Search Engine search options. PLoS ONE, having become the world’s largest journal last year, outdid themselves by doubling the number of articles published this year.  PubMedCentral, arXiv, RePEC, and E-LIS growth was in the 10-15% range for the year. This issue of Dramatic Growth adds a new feature, a first attempt at comparing compliance rates with a few medical funders’ open access policies – so far, Wellcome Trust is looking good!

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Publication fees in open access publishing: Sources of funding and factors influencing choice of journal – Solomon – 2011 – Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology – Wiley Online Library

“Open access (OA) journals distribute their content at no charge and use other means of funding the publication process. Publication fees or article-processing charges (APC)s have become the predominant means for funding professional OA publishing. We surveyed 1,038 authors who recently published articles in 74 OA journals that charge APCs stratified into seven discipline categories. Authors were asked about the source of funding for the APC, factors influencing their choice of a journal and past history publishing in OA and subscription journals. Additional information about the journal and the authors’ country were obtained from the journal website. A total of 429 (41%) authors from 69 journals completed the survey. There were large differences in the source of funding among disciplines. Journals with impact factors charged higher APCs as did journals from disciplines where grant funding is plentiful. Fit, quality, and speed of publication were the most important factors in the authors’ choice of a journal. OA was less important but a significant factor for many authors in their choice of a journal to publish. These findings are consistent with other research on OA publishing and suggest that OA publishing funded through APCs is likely to continue to grow.”

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Selected Reading on Research Works Act – Why You Should Care?

If you can remember the SOPA strike (that day when Wikipedia went black), then it’s possible that you’ve checked the list of the SOPA supporters. You may have noticed, among others, the American Association of Publishers (AAP) and Elsevier, the Dutch publisher that gained much attention recently from American Open Access Advocates. The advocates ranted and raved about AAP and Elsevier all over the web, only to answer their question whether all publicly funded research should be accessible to the public, or not? If you guessed that all parties answered yes, you are wrong.

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Open Acces Before : 1535, paniqué, François Ier interdit toute impression de livre dans son royaume – sous peine d’être pendu

«Dans cette bataille de titan “pour l’esprit des hommes”, le protestantisme se montra toujours foncièrement offensif, précisément parce qu’il sut exploiter le marché en expansion de l’imprimé en langue vulgaire créé par le capitalisme, cependant que la Contre-Réforme défendait la citadelle du latin. (…) Rien ne donne une meilleure idée de cette mentalité de siège que la décision prise en 1535 par un François Ier paniqué, d’interdire toute impression de livres dans son royaume – sous peine d’être pendu haut et court! L’interdit et l’impossibilité de l’appliquer s’expliquent tous deux par le fait que les frontières orientales de son royaume étaient bordées d’Etats et de cités protestants produisant une avalanche d’imprimés de contrebande1.»

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Open Access: there is something wrong!

“If 89% of researchers positively recognise the benefits of OA journals but only 8% of them publish in OA journals, there is something wrong.

OA is an alternative model but it has also created new barriers: the so called “author pays” logic (stressed by 39% of the surveyed researchers). It’s worth working on that in the next few years.”

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